Masonry Contractor Frequent Terms
Arch – A section of masonry work that spans an opening and supports not only its own weight, but also the weight of the masonry work above it.
Backer Rod – A flexible foam rod tubing either open or closed call used to maintain a constant joint design. It maintains two sided adhesion required for all proper sealant joints.
Brick – A molded rectangular block of clay baked by the sun or in a kiln until hard and used as a building and paving material.
Concrete – A hard, strong construction material consisting of sand, conglomerate gravel, pebbles, broke.
Control Joint – Vertical joint made in the wall to allow for shrinkage movement. Used to prevent random cracking of the wall caused by contraction.
Efflorescence – A deposit of white powder on the surface of masonry which comes from the leaching of water soluble salts in the masonry by evaporation of water.
Expansion Joint – Vertical or horizontal joints used to separate masonry into segments to control cracking.
Flashing – Sheet metal or plastic placed in mortar joints and air spaces in masonry for protection against water seepage.
Firebrick – A brick made of a special clay and baked at an extremely high temperature to make the unit resistant to heat.
Flagstone – is a generic flat stone, sometimes cut in regular rectangular or square shape and usually used for paving slabs or walkways, patios, flooring, fences and roofing. It may be used for memorials, headstones, facades and other construction.
Herringbone Pattern – A pattern of setting in which the units in a wall are laid aslant, instead of flat, with the direction of incline reversing in alternate courses, forming a zigzag effect. In floors of paving, the units are set at approximately a 45 degree angle with the boundary of the area being clad, alternate rows reversing direction to give a zigzag horizontal pattern, and the unit in one row filling the triangle between two units in the adjacent row.
Hardscape – refers to hard landscape materials in the built environment structures that are incorporated into a landscape. … From an urban planning perspective, hardscapes can include very large features, such as paved roads, driveways or fountains, and even small pools.
Limestone – Formed below water and compacted this is a highly concentrated crystalline calcium carbonate (calcite) but also contains silica, alumina, iron oxide and magnesia.
Lintel – Horizontal structural unit (beam) over an opening; support member over a door or window opening.
Mason – One who builds or works with stone or brick.
Mason Contractors Association of America (MCA) – The national trade association representing masonry contractors and suppliers in national legislative and political affairs, codes and standards composition, workforce development, education, market promotion and general industry advocacy.
Masonry – That which is built by a mason; anything constructed of the materials used by masons, such as stone, brick, tiles, or the like.
Mortar – Mortar performs many functions: it fills gaps between units, bonds the units together, provides weather protection.
Parging – Process of applying a coat of mortar to masonry construction, especially used for masonry walls. Also, the cement mortar coat itself.
Portland Cement – Fine, grayish powder formed by burning limestone, clay or shale and then griding the resulting clinkers. The result is a cement which hardens under water and which is used as a base for all mortar. Portland cement is a grade of cement, not a brand.
Sample Panel – A test panel designed to 1) demonstrate the quality of materials and the kind of workmanship that will be used through-out the construction period or 2) be observed throughout construction of the job for any change or damage as a result of changes in weather conditions.
Weeps – Openings placed in mortar joints of facing material at the level of flashing, to permit the escape of moisture.
Slurry Wash – uses the same mortar and cement mixture as the German Smear, but instead of covering just pieces of your brick, you completely cover it. Our experts at Alexander and Xavier Masonry believes this thick texture looks a little like smooth stucco, but still allows the brick texture to show through.
Adobe Bricks – Adobe is a building material made from earth and organic materials. Adobe is Spanish for mudbrick, but in some English-speaking regions of Spanish heritage the term is used to refer to any kind of earthen construction. Most adobe buildings are similar in appearance to cob and rammed earth buildings. It may also update your home and increase its value when used properly.